First World War

Maurice Farman MF.11. A biplane "pusher" developed by the French, the Farman S.11, more commonly known as the 'Shorthorn', lacked the characteristic forward elevator of the Farman 'Longhorn'. With the nacelle positioned half-way up the interplane struts, the pilot was seated well ahead of the wings and the aircraft was ideally suited to its initial role as a reconnaissance bomber. Adopted by most of the Allied air services, the 'Shorthorn' was often equipped with dual controls and widely used as a trainer throughout much of the war.